بررسی میزان سرمایه اجتماعی و شاخص‌های آن در کتابخانه‌های دانشگاهی تابع وزارت علوم مستقر در شهر تهران

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، گروه کتابداری و اطلاع رسانی

2 کارشناسی ارشد رشته کتابداری و اطلاع رسانی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم تحقیقات تهران، گروه کتابداری و اطلاع رسانی

چکیده

هدف: هدف از این پژوهش بررسی میزان سرمایه اجتماعی[1] و شاخص­های آن در کتابخانه­های دانشگاهی است. در پژوهش حاضر شاخص­های اعتماد متقابل[2]، روابط[3]، عمل متقابل[4]، ظرفیت[5]، تنوع[6] و ساختار [7] به عنوان شاخص­های سرمایه اجتماعی در نظر گرفته شده، که در میان اغلب صاحب­نظران این حوزه مشترکاً پذیرفته شده است.
روش پژوهش: پژوهش حاضر پیمایشی تحلیلی و ابزار پژوهش پرسش­نامه ‌است. جامعه پژوهش 218 کتابدار کتابخانه­های دانشگاه­های وزارت علوم، تحقیقات و فناوری هستند که140 نفر با روش تصادفی طبقه­ای به عنوان نمونه تعیین شد. برای بررسی پاسخ­ها از روش­های آماری توصیفی، آزمون فریدمن و t-test استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: یافته­ها نشان داد که میانگین سرمایه اجتماعی در کتابخانه­های دانشگاهی (93/2) است و در میان شاخص­های آن، تنوع با میانگین (30/3) بیشترین و ظرفیت با میانگین (50/2) کمترین میزان را دارد.
نتیجه­گیری: نتایج به دست آمده بیانگر این است که میزان سرمایه اجتماعی در نمونه مورد بررسی در حد متوسط است و تفاوت معناداری میان شاخص­های سرمایه اجتماعی وجود دارد و تمامی شاخص­ها جز ظرفیت بالاتر از حد متوسط هستند.



[1] -Social Capital


[2] - Trust


[3] -Relationship


[4] -Interaction


[5] - Capacity


[6] -Diversity


[7] -Structure

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of social capital and its criteria in academic libraries Case Study: The central libraries of Universities depends on Science, Research and Technology Ministry in Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fahimeh Babalhavaeji 1
  • Nastaran Zamani Rad 2
1 Associate professor in Library and Information Science, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch ,Tehran, Iran
2 Master in library and information science , Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The purpose of this study is determination of amount of social capital and its criteria in academic libraries.criteria of trust, relationship, interaction, capacity, diversity and structure are considered in this study, that are accepted commonly among the most of experts in this field.
Methodology: This study is an analytical survey and for gathering data questionnaire was used. The community research is 218 librarians of the central library’s affiliated to the Ministry of Science and Technology and 140 librarians was determined in random stratified sampling. Descriptive statistics was used and  t-test and Friedman test.
 Findings: Results showed that the average of social capital is in academic libraries 2.93 and among its indicators, variation (3.30) is highest and capacity (2.50) is lowest.
 Conclusion: The results indicate that amount social capital is moderate in the sample. There is also a significant difference between criteria of social capital and all criteria are higher than expected, but capacity is not.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social capital
  • Academic Libraries
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