عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: The future web generation is the semantic web which creates interaction and cooperation between the man and the computer through mobilization of data with determined ontological elements. In other words, semantic web is a kind of coding and information retrieval in a way that the machines (computer) would manage to process and comprehend data.
Methodology: In this article, information is collected by literature review in regard to World Wide Web. Then, the necessity to create semantic web, advantages and problems of semantic web, using technologies such as eXtensible Markup Language (XML), Resource Description Framework (RDF), and web ontology, as the most important issues of semantic web, have also been taken into consideration.
Findings: The results show that the ontologies are considered the spin of semantic web. Semantic web, using ontologies through providing conceptual structure for data, makes the ground work for correlated computers to intelligently find and furnish the researchers with the data.
Conclusion: With the formation of semantic web, digital libraries can be based on meaning, and create major revolution in information retrieval. So access to online databases is provided.