عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: Considering the importance of the treatment of children’s psychological problems at earlier ages and developmentally-oriented therapies, the present study aimed to examine the effect of bibliotherapy on fourth and fifth graders students’ depression at Shahid Tavana Primary School in Tabriz.
Methodology: A quasi-experimental study and the convenience sampling, 24 students of fourth and fifth graders of ShahidTavana Primary School were selected and assigned in tow groups, that was employed the pre test – post test control group design with a two-month follow-up without the control group. Children’s depression inventory developed by Kovacs was used. After the pretest, the treatment included twelve 60-minute sessions once a week while the control group received no-treatment. Both groups were post tested immediately after the treatment. The experimental group was also re-tested with a two-month time interval in order for the treatment’s stability to be examined. To complete the results of quantitative data, the researcher also gathered qualitative data through semi-structured interviews. The quantitative data was analyzed by means of dependent-samples, t-test and the qualitative data was studied accordingly.
Findings: showed that the children’s depression was reduced and after 2 months the reduction was also stable. It also revealed that mothers had positive attitudes toward bibliotherapy
Conclusion: It is concluded that not only does bibliotherapy have the potential to reduce children’s depression, but also it can be employed in various educational and therapeutic settings due to its acceptance among mothers.